This is an important topic that has been overlooked until recently. As we each split off of general fitness and start to specialize in different things. For me it has been weightlifting so i will use that example when looking at appropriate conditioning for a weightlifter.
As a weightlifter my goal is to lift as much weight as possible over my head in two different styles of lifts but only for a single effort. So by deductive reasoning you can imagine that doing high volume light weights would be a little counter productive. This does not let me off the hook from staying in decent shape. The question now is what is appropriate in terms of conditioning?
Looking a little deeper, but not too deep, you will understand the essentials of weightlifting… Explosiveness! With this in mind we can develop appropriate conditioning. I’m not going to get too crazy with this since i like simple things.
Basically, i will start this with the most basic of prescriptions…Sprinting. This can be anywhere from 3 seconds to 20 seconds but anything past that and i personally have to slow down or i might die…
Once you have decided the mode of exercise, and let me caution you to keep it freaking simple!, you can put together a simple plan. For me, i like to vary things a bit so i will be doing sets of 8-10 sprints with full recovery and varying the distance and in effect the time spent working. For a quick example i may do 10x 40m sprints with full recovery.
I am not sure how to make this any simpler. You can take this same approach to just about any sport specific training. Good luck and if you have any questions about this, just post them here.